Frightening Foot Conditions: Bunions, Athlete’s Foot & More

Frightening Foot Conditions: Bunions, Athlete’s Foot & More

Forget ghouls, zombies and witches! These real-life foot conditions are sure to make you cringe. Especially since they can happen to anyone!

Frightening Foot Conditions

Bunions

Bunions and Bunionettes

Where there is a significant growth of bone on the metatarsophalangeal joints or the toe joints as we know. A bunion is where the big toe joint is, and a bunionette is on the fifth toe joint.

This can be due to the foot type and mechanics that place more pressure on that area of the foot during walking. It can also be from wearing shoes that are too tight and tapered for the foot. Once the bone has formed, surgery is the only thing that can remove it – which should be a last resort.

Prevention

Orthotics to improve alignment and to provide pressure distribution. Ensure your shoes are not too tight with a round toe box to allow for a bit of wiggle room with the toes.

Heels are a big culprit due to the increased pressure on the forefoot and tapered toe box. Make sure the uppers are made from soft leathers or have cloth mesh that will stretch around the bunion area.

Search for a forefoot rocker to reduce pressure on the forefoot. If there are lots of stitching and decal around that area, it will not stretch and create a hot spot.

Hammer Toes

Hammertoes/Overlapping Toes

Hammertoes are toes that curl up at their joints. These can stiffen over time. Also, they create a high-pressure spot on the top of the joint from rubbing on the shoe. Overlapping toes can typically be seen with bunions, as the big toe starts to deviate towards the smaller toes, and to make space, they start overlapping.

This also results in corns or calluses forming on top of the toe joint. The causes are similar to a bunion, where it could be from natural foot mechanics, or from ill-fitting footwear.

Prevention & Treatment

Toe straighteners, toe spacers, hallux valgus night splint to help straighten the toe. This is not guaranteed to straighten the toe out to the original position, but it can help prevent it from worsening.

Custom insoles will help to improve pressure distribution and to improve alignment if it is from natural mechanics.

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Corns/Calluses

Corns and calluses are hard, thickened areas of skin on the foot, which develop from high pressure and friction. A corn is typically a small patch of skin with a skin plug in the centre. It can cause point pressure when walking on it. They tend to form on toes but can be on the ball of the foot too.

A callus is general thickening of a patch of the skin, and can also be quite uncomfortable to walk on when it is fairly thick. Improper gait mechanics may lead to it, or improper fitting shoes which create pressure spots on the foot.

Prevention & Treatment

Custom orthotics or insoles can help to alleviate high-pressure points and to improve alignment. Proper fitting footwear is important to ensure that there are no hot spots, and cushioning helps shock absorption.

A pedicure or pumice stone can help to reduce and maintain callus build up.

verruca

Plantar Verrucas (a.k.a Warts)

Not to be confused with corns, warts are caused by viral infection and can be contagious as well. They tend to show with small black dots in the centre, which is the blood supply.

Typically they show as skin growths and can cause irritation and some pain from pressure build up when the person is on their feet. They can also develop in clusters called mosaic warts.

Prevention & Treatment

Same treatments as fungal infections, keeping the area clean and dry.

See your doctor for wart treatments such as salicylic acid and nitrogen, or look into custom orthotics or insoles with a cut out can help to reduce pressure on warts.

toenail-fungus-infection

Athlete’s Foot/Nail Fungus

This can be a very frustrating condition as it is hard to get rid of. To make things worse, it is contagious. There are many different fungal infections but Athlete’s foot is the most common. It can lead to thick, callused, itchy skin and thickened nails.

Prevention & Treatment

Do not walk around barefoot in public areas such as the change room and the pool. Keep feet clean and dry. If you have sweaty feet, wear wool socks instead of cotton as cotton holds moisture.

If it has affected the toenails, ensure the shoe has a roomy toe box so there are no pressure spots. Discuss fungal wash or medication with your doctor.

Talk To A Foot Condition Specialist

If you want to learn more about these foot conditions, and others, a Canadian Certified Pedorthist can help.

Book an appointment for orthotics today, or find a location near you!

If you want to learn more about these foot conditions, and others, a Canadian Certified Pedorthist can help.

Book an appointment for orthotics today, or find a location near you!

Mei Poon
Canadian Certified Pedorthist, Kintec Richmond

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